Safe Plants for Birds

This list is a compilation of several different lists printed by various bird clubs and magazines and some local common knowledge about plants that are non-toxic and safe for birds.

Always use caution and common sense in your plant choices. Remember that birds have a delicate system and that a large quantity of any plant or fruit could upset their systems.

Common Name Botanical Name Family Name
Acacia Acacia (many species) Acaceae (Acacia)
African Violets Saintpaulia Species Gesneriaceae (Gesneriad)
Aloe Aloespecies - Watch for spines Liliaceae (Lily)
Areca, Butterfly Cane Chrysalidocarpus Lutescens Palmae (Palm)
Asparagus Fern
(See Ferns)
  Liliaceae (Lily)
Australian Umbrella Tree Schefflera Actinophylla Araliaceae (Aralia)
Baby's Tears Helxine Soleirolii Urticaceae
Bamboo Arundinaria Species Gramineae (Grass)
Bird Nest Fern
(See Ferns)
Aaspleniunz Nidus Filices (Fern)
Begonia Begonia Species Begoniaceae (Begonia)
Bougainvillea Watch For Spines: Nyctaginaceae
Bromeliads: Watch For Spines:
Aechmea Spp.
Spp., Bronwelia Spp.
Cryptantyhus Spp.,
Guzmania Spp.,
Neoregelia Spp.,
Tillandsia Spp.,
Vriesia Spp.
Chickweed Cerastium Vulgatum  
Christmas Cactus Zygocactus or Schlumbergera Species Cactaceae (Cactus)
Cissus Kangaroo Vines Cissus Antartica Vitaceae (Grape)
Coffee Tree Coffea Arabica (Coffee is Toxic) Rubiaceae
Coleus Coleus Spp. Labiatae (Mint)
Corn Plant Dracaena Massangeana Lilaceae (Lily)
Crabapple Malus Spp. Rosaceae (Rose)
Creeping Charlie Pilea Nummariifolia Urticaceae
Dandelion Taraxacum Officinale Compositae (Sunflower)
Dogwood Cornus Species Cornaceae
Donkey Tail
(Burro's Tail)
Sedum Morganianum Crassulaceae (Crassula)
Dracaena Dracaena Species Liliaceae (Lily)
Dragon Tree Dracaena Draco Liliaceae (Lily)
Easter Cactus Rhipsalidopsis Species Cactaceae (Cactus)
Gold Dust Dracaena Dracaena Godseffiana Liliaceae (Lily)
Elephant Foot Tree Beaucarnea Recurvata Llliaceae (Lily)
Eucalyptus Eucalyptus Species-Do Not Use Any Parts Used in Flower Arrangements Myrtaceae (Eucalyptus)
(Not A True Fern)
Bird Nest Fern
Boston Fern
Squirrel's Foot,
Deer's Foot, Fiji
Staghorn, Elk's Horn

Asparagus Densiflorus

Asplenium Nidus
Nephrolepsis Bostoniensis
Pteris Cretica
Pellaea Rotundifolia
Asplenium Bulbferum
Adiantum Species
Nephrolepis Exaltata
Davallia Species

Polvpodium Aureum
Platycerium Diversifolium

Liliaceae (Lily)

Filices (Fern)
Filices (Fern)
Filices (Fern)
Filices (Fern)
Filices (Fern)
Filices (Fern)
Filices (Fern)
Filices (Fern)

Filices (Fern)
Filices (Fern)
Creeping Fig
Edible Fig
Fiddleleaf Fig
Laurel Leaf
Rubber Plant

Ficus Pumila
Ficus Carica
Ficus Lyrata

Ficus Elastica
Ficus Benjamina

Moraceae (Fig)
Moraceae (Fig)
Moraceae (Fig)
Moraceae (Fig)
Moraceae (Fig)
Moraceae (Fig)
Gardenia Gardenia Jasminoides
(Not Jasmine)
Gold Dust Dracaena Godseffiana Liliaceae (Lily)
Grape Ivy Rhoicissus Rhomboidea Vitaceae (Grape)
Hen and Chickens Echeveria And Sempervivum Species Crassulaceae (Crassula)
Hibiscus Hibiscus Rosa-Sinensis Malvaceae (Malva)
Jade Plant Crassula Portulacea or Argentea Crassulaceae (Crassula)
Kalanchoe Kalanchoe Species Crassulaceae (Crassula)
Magnolia Magnolia Species Magnoliaceae (Magnolia)
Mango Mangifera Indica Anacardiaceae
Marigold Tagetes Species Compositae (Sunflower)
Monkey Plant Ruellia Species Acanthaceae
Mother-In-Laws Tongue Sansevieria Species
Watch For Spines
Liliaceae (Lily)
Nasturtium Tropaeolum Majus Tropaeolaceae
Natal Plum Carissa Grandiflora
Only Fruits!
Apocynaceae (Oleander)**|
Nerve Plant Fittonia Verschaffeltii Acanthaceae
Norfolk Island Pine Araucaria Excelsa Araucariaceae
Bamboo, Fern
European Fan



Phoenix (Date Palm)
Pony Tail Palm
(Not A True Palm)
Pygmy Date
Roebelin, Lady Palm
Sago (Not a true palm) Sentry Palm
Wine Palm

Chrysalidocarpus Species
Rhapis Excelsa
Phoenix Dactylifera
Chamaerops Humilis
Trachycarpus Jortunei
Livistona Species,
Chamaerops Humilis
Caryota Species
Fruits Are Toxic
Howeia Species
Howeia Forsteriana
Rhapis Excelsa
Chamaedorea Elegans,
Neanthe Bella
Phoenix canariensis
Beaucarnea Recurvata

Rhapis Excelsas
Phoenix Roebelinsi
Cycas Revoluta
Howiea Species
Jubaea- Fruits Are Toxic

Palmae (Palm)
Palmae (Palm)
Palmae (Palm)
Palmae (Palm)
Palmae (Palm)

Palmae (Palm)

Palmae (Palm)
Palmae (Palm)
Palmae (Palm)
Palmae (Palm)

Palmae (Palm)
Liliaceae (Lily)

Palmae (Palm)
Palmae (Palm)
Palmae (Palm)
Cycadaceae (Cycad)
Palmae (Palm)
Palmae (Palm)
Passion Flower Vine Passiflora Species Passifloraceae
Peperomia Peperomia Species Piperaceae (Peperomia)
Petunia Petunia Species Solanaceae
(Tomato/Potato) **
Pittosporum Pittosporum Species Pittosporaceae
Pony Tail Palm
(Not A Palm)
Beaucarnea Recurvata Liliaceae (Lily)
Pothos Scindapsus Species Araceae (Philodendron
Prayer Plant Maranta Leuconeura Marantaceae (Maranta)
Purple Passion
(Purple Nettle)
Gynura Aurantiaca Compositae (Sunflower)
(Ripe Berries Only)
Pyracantha Crenato-Serrata Rosaceae ( Rose)
Red-Margined Dracaena Dracaena Marginata Liliaceae (Lily)
Sago Palm
(Not a True Palm)
Cycas Revoluta Cycadaceae (Cycad)
Schefflera (Umbrella) Schefflera Actinophylla Araliaceae (Aralia)
Sensitive Plant Mimosa Species Leguminosae (Pea) **
Snake Plant Sansevieria Species Liliaceae (Lily)
Spider or Airplane Plant Chlorophytum Comosum Liliaceae (Lily)
Swedish Ivy Plectranthus Species,
Coleus Species
Labiatae (Mint)
Rubber Plant Ficus Elastica Moraceae (Fig)
Thanksgiving Cactus Zygocactus or Schlumbergera Species Cactaceae (Cactus)
Thistle Cirsium Species Compositae (Sunflower)
Toyon Tree or California Heteromeles (Phitonia) Arbutifolia  
Holly (Ripe Berries)    
Wandering Jew Tradescantia Fluminensis Commelinaceae
White Clover Trifolium Repens Leguminosae (Pea) **
Umbrella Plant Schefflera Actinophylla Araliaceae (Aralia)
Velvet Plant
(Purple Passion)
Gynura Aurantiaca Compositae (Sunflower)
Yucca Yucca Species-Watch for Spines Liliaceae (Lily)
Zebra Plant Aphelandra Squarrosa
Calathea zebrina

** These families are usually toxic.

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